et al., Frontiers in Medicine, doi:10.3389/fmed.2021.668698 (preprint 12/30/2020) (Peer Reviewed)
RCT 268 male patients in Brazil, 134 treated with proxalutamide, showing significantly lower hospitalization and mechanical ventilation. NCT04446429.
McCoy et al., 12/30/2020, Double Blind Randomized Controlled Trial, Brazil, South America, peer-reviewed, 15 authors.
risk of death, 80.0% lower, RR 0.20, p = 0.50, treatment 0 of 134 (0.0%), control 2 of 134 (1.5%), continuity correction due to zero event (with reciprocal of the contrasting arm).
risk of mechanical ventilation, 97.1% lower, RR 0.03, p < 0.001, treatment 0 of 134 (0.0%), control 17 of 134 (12.7%), continuity correction due to zero event (with reciprocal of the contrasting arm).
risk of hospitalization, 91.0% lower, RR 0.09, p < 0.001, treatment 3 of 134 (2.2%), control 35 of 134 (26.1%).
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.